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  • Paperback
  • 416
  • Usury in Christendom
  • Michael A. Hoffman II
  • English
  • 04 October 2018
  • 0970378491

Michael A. Hoffman II Á 0 download

free read Usury in Christendom º PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Unforgettable revelations abound in this indispensable study of the rise of the Money PowerUsury in Christendom provides the reader with a detailed understanding of how a den of thieves robbed the followers of Christ of their patrimony It is grounded in an extensive study of rare and primary sources and represents a landmark revisionist history of how the breeders of money gained dominion over the WestFor most of the first 1500 years of Christianity usury the lending of money at interest was unanimously condemned by the Fathers of the Early Church and by popes councils and. This is an exceptionally well researched book Michael Hoffman writes about the rise of money power and usury He talks about usury in religious doctrine the early Protestant resistance to it and how humanity changed when the restraints on usury began to be liftedDuring the Renaissance Italian bankers were giving large amounts of money to the Pope to ward off condemnation of usurious practicesFollowing the Reformation religious prohibitions of usury and interest began to crumble but moral prohibitions continued to existsWhen the Church began to embrace the concept of capitalism the condemnations started to diminish the Church unofficially recognized the needs of businesses and gradually capitalism became a driving force in the worldHoffman is critical of the Catholic Churchhe believes they tolerated the rise in Christian usury whereas the Protestant Church resisted continued to regard it as a sin against humanity Usury is the enemy s weapon of choice as it keeps people too scared to speak out for fear of losing the thing that keeps them enslaved The majority desire to live by bank credit in a debt based economy and nobody will stop the 1% elite because everyone shares in their covetousness which the Holy Bible outright calls idolatry

free read Usury in ChristendomUsury in Christendom

free read Usury in Christendom º PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Cal patristic and medieval Catholic doctrine on interest on money provides new information on the record of early Protestant resistance to the usury revolution and the discernment by Dante and other visionaries of the sub rosa connection between usury and a host of abominations that continue to plague us todayWestern civilization was profoundly disfigured by the ecclesiastic exculpation of the charging of interest on debt The result has been a pursuit of usurious profit unconstrained by the Word of God the dogma of His true Church and the consensus patrum of fifteen centuri. Hoffman s broad thesis is that the Catholic church practically ceased viewing usury as a mortal sin due to clever re phrasings of the law A corollary is that the Protestants did not begin usury or capitalism Many Protestants opposed it and those who did support it used neo Catholic argumentsHoffman s narrative doesn t appear to follow a noticeable pattern but his argument is fairly clear the church has uniformly condemned usury defined as receiving extra on the loan The key villains are the Medici and Fugger banking clans And while later Popes would condemn worker exploitation none undid the damage of Renaissance popes in making usury acceptable And by the time of JPII and Benedict XVI it became mandatoryThe Argument Against Usury1 God is the supreme owner of land and leases it to men Hoffman 30 2 The idea of just price is often ridiculed but misunderstood It does not exist within a vacuum A just price cannot work in a society that uses interest 433 The Old Testament intended usury to be used as a weapon against the nokri the Canaanite in the land It was not to be used against the ger the sojourner4 Money is fungible so it cannot reproduce artificially5 God s provision for man in nature is a presupposition against usury To make a claim to wealth that outstrips that provisionis to produce injustice 1056 When money becomes abstracted from use its usefulness becomes obscure7 Profit can only come from nature s goods which reuires discipline and patience8 The Logic of Mutuum in a mutuum loan ownership actually passes from creditor to debtor so to receive a fee for this I profit from what is yours not mine Therefore the creditor sells nothing that is his but only time which is God s 99 emphasis added9 In a modern day usurious system the worker is separated from the material means of production to be brought again into contact only by means of the credit system in which everything is capitalized 333 ProsHoffman s case appears to be air tight if at times incomplete He destroys the historiography of the ChesterBelloc school which blames usury and capitalism on the Jew and Protestants They never bother to investigate the Medici banking clan Hoffman also gives a fine bibliographyConsThis book could have used a professional editor and formatter Secondly Hoffman isn t consistent in how he cites sources On one page he will give us a detailed source in Latin but elsewhere he will say St Basil said this or King St Alfred the Great said this but not tell us where Thirdly while his argument is usually fine and polished occasionally Chapter 8 he rants and collapses a number of complex ethical discussions into a sentence or two

download · PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Á Michael A. Hoffman II

free read Usury in Christendom º PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Saints as a damnable sin euivalent to robbery and even murder Any interest on loans of money not just exorbitant interest was defined de fide as a grave transgression against God and manHoffman confronts the reader with a startling datum the overthrow of magisterial dogma and the approval of scripture twisting heresy occurred inside the Church centuries before the Enlightenment and the dawn of the modern era culminating in the overthrow of divine truth; an epochal act of nullificationUsury in Christendom The Mortal Sin that Was and Now is Not resurrects the suppressed bibli. Hoffman demonstrates in the most comprehensive way that usury charging interest was universally outlawed by the Church for the first 1400 years of her life and forbidden in Christendom It was widely viewed as THE sin the greatest affront to God and neighbor one could possibly admit He also points out that England in the time when usury was forbidden was one of the greatest periods of England s history a time when a peasant had to work a mere fourteen weeks out of the year to provide for his family for that entire year The book misses out on its fifth star simply because of the formatting and citational methology he uses In an era when professional layout can be done on your home computer there is no excuse for this sort of layout problems Likewise he does not cite all his uotations which is annoying when you want to know where to find them He does cite a number of them just not all of them Otherwise a solid study of usury in christendom